Iwi Fisheries Structure
All Mandated Iwi Organisations (MIO) must comply with a number of general requirements set out in the Maori Fisheries Act 2004. Following is a list of a selection of those important requirements:
- All MIO representatives must be democratically elected by its adult members. Elections must be organised so that adult members have a fair opportunity to cast their vote by postal ballot if they so wish.
- A MIO representative will hold office for the elected term set out in the MIO’s constitutional document which must not be longer than 3 years. At the end of the elected term the MIO representative must either stand down (cease to be a representative) or be nominated to be re-elected. If a representative is re-elected, his/her term starts again.
- The representatives of a MIO must operate the MIO in accordance with its constitutional document (trust deed, society rules, etc…) and any other relevant legislation such as the Maori Fisheries Act 2004. If the representatives make a decision or follow a process that is contrary to its constitutional document, or legislation, any adult iwi member has the right to challenge that decision or process.
- A MIO must establish an AHC to hold and manage the iwi’s settlement quota and AFL income shares. The AHC must be a limited liability company and its board of directors must operate the company in accordance with its company constitution.
- A MIO must provide written copies of its annual report and plan, including those of its AHC, to adult members upon request. The MIO’s annual report must be made available to adult members at least 20 working days (4 weeks) prior to the MIO’s AGM.
- All important decisions affecting the sale or exchange of fisheries settlement assets must follow a strict decision process that includes a postal vote of adult members. The election of MIO representatives and proposed amendments to the MIO’s constitutional documents also fall into this category.